The EU research project ANIMA (Aviation Noise Impact Management through Novel Approaches) aims to develop new instruments and methods for mitigating the impact of aircraft noise exposure and for enhancing residents’ quality of life (QoL). Within ANIMA, several existing interventions were evaluated with respect to their impact on nearby communities. For example, a consultation procedure that took place in 2018 in the Frankfurt Airport region was evaluated by means of qualitative in-depth telephone interviews. The consultation procedure dealt with a potential flight path change that would lead to a decrease in aircraft noise exposure in some areas but to an increase of exposure in other areas. Therefore, three communities, which would be differently affected by the flight path change, were selected for this study. In addition, existing survey data was re-analysed to assess residential satisfaction and which aspects of the living environment are most important to residents living nearby Schiphol Airport. In this contribution, the results of both the in-depth interviews and the survey are described and discussed. The ANIMA project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No .